1. Set the class purpose
- Use the Bloom’s taxonomy to define action verbs.
- Use a single, clear action verb for each learning outcome.
- Avoid verbs that are unclear and cannot be observed easily like “know” and "learn".
- Establish the content or topic to be learned.
- Indicate the kind of performance expected.
2. Review or assess prior knowledge
A great tool for helping students learn something new is activating what they already know.
Here is a list of techniques to assess prior knowledge:
- Brainstorming to generate ideas.
- Eliciting vocabulary and language forms.
- Using concept map or word map.
- Using 3-2-1 charts (3 things you already know, 2 things you’d like to know & 1 question related to the topic).
- Using KWL charts (What I know, what I want to know & what I learned*).
- Answering trivia quizzes and games.
3. Use a lead-in to capture students’ interest and engage them in learning.
The students are engaged by:
- Labeling images.
- Matching or grouping items of information.
- Identifying something.
- Guessing something.
- Sharing personal information with others.
- Doing something non-verbally (Miming, drawing & obeying)
- Describing something.
- Ranking items of information.
- Remembering something and then communicating what he or she has remembered.
- Making a story.
- Writing a poem.
Other ways to grab the student’s attention is by starting the class with:
- Learning games.
- Video clips.