Stage directions give vital information for the action and relationships between people, things and places inside the play script.
- C: Center stage
- D: Downstage
- U: Upstage
- R: Right
- L: Left
- DR: Downstage right
- DL: Downstage left
- UR: Upstage right
- UL: Upstage left
a) The setting
(It’s a bright sunny day in the castle)
b) How the character feels
(ROBIN HOOD is angry) Shut up!
(surprised) I didn’t expect to see you here.
c) How the character moves
(Enter ROBIN HOOD, armed with a sword)
(Enter all but BENVOLIO. Enter ROMEO)
(MAID MARIAN covers her face with her hands) Oh my God!
(Taking JULIET’s hand) Your hand is like a holy place that my hand is unworthy to visit.
(sits at the table at the left side of LYNDA) He was doing his best.
(He climbs the wall, and leaps down within it)
d) How the character speaks
(Laughing) What a fool!
Antagonist: A character, situation, feeling, idea, or thing that opposes the main character.
Balcony: Area above the stage roof used for balcony scenes or for seating musicians or members of the audience.
Cast: The actors and actresses in a play.
Characters: People who take part in the story.
Chorus: The chorus was a single person who recited a prologue.
Dialogue: What the characters say in the play.
Enter: Stage direction indicating the entrance onto the stage of a character or characters.
Exit: Stage direction indicating the departure of a character from the stage.
Monologue: A long dramatic speech by a single actor.
Prologue: The introduction of a play.
Protagonist: The main character.
Scene: The part of an act that takes place in one location.